Investigating Learning Modalities among Diploma Students


  • Noranita Abdamia
  • Fadilah Puteh
  • Nurain Jantan Anua Jah


Learning Style, Learning Modalities, Online Class, VAK Model, Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic


The understanding and recognition of the three different learning styles, visual, kinesthetics, and auditory, is even more important in the context of online learning, which presents unique challenges and difficult for educators to cater to the diverse learning needs of their students. Understanding these different learning styles can be helpful for educators and learners alike, making online learning more engaging with visually appealing for visual learners, interactive and hands-on for kinesthetic learners, and auditory based for auditory learners’ materials and accessible for all. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the various learning styles demonstrated by students during online learning and how educators might accommodate them. In this study, a quantitative research approach was employed, and an electronic survey with descriptive statistical analysis was administered to 300 students from various programs and campuses. The results indicate that visual is the preferred learning style, followed by kinesthetic and auditory. Instructors must comprehend different learning types and alter their methods of instruction accordingly to guarantee that students have a successful online learning experience. The study's findings serve as a roadmap for educators and instructors to improve the design of instructional materials and learning environments. Future research should therefore analyze learning styles by age, gender, course of study, campus, or even semester, and investigate the efficacy of online learning systems that accommodate varied learning styles. The association between learning style and other variables can also be investigated.