Psychometric Properties and Factor Analyses of the a New Social Adjustment Measure for Arabic Postgraduate Students in Malaysia )SAMA)


  • Maryem Younes Grera


Social Adjustment, Academic, Family, Friends & Neighbour, Arab Postgraduate Students


The purpose of this study was to create a theoretically driven instrument of Social adjustment entitled Social Adjustment measure for Arabic Postgraduate students in Malaysia )SAMA) and determine its validity and reliability. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to assess the dimensionality, structural validity and internal consistency of the instrument. The Chronbach Alpha coefficient was also calculated using the test-retest and Split-half methods. The Participants included 206 Arab postgraduate students in Malaysia. It was found that this measure has theoretically been effectively supported to measure the social adjustment by assessing three dimensions (Academic, Family, and local dimensions “friends & neighbors”(. Regarding its reliability, The Chronbach Alpha coefficient was 0.75.  The test-retest method yielded a coefficient of 0.82 while the split-half method yielded 0.76, indicating that the scale enjoys high reliability.