Volunteering as a Catalyst for Motivation and Skill Development in Malaysian University Students


  • Kuwi Hoi
  • Yee Xuan
  • Tan New


Volunteering, University Students, Self-Determination Theory, Motivation and Skills


This research examines the underlying reasons and advantages of volunteerism among Malaysian university students aged between 18 to 25. The study utilized a quantitative approach and administered a questionnaire to 113 participants who had previously engaged in volunteer work. The research employed the self-determination theory to comprehend the students' motives for participating in volunteerism, including fulfilling personal needs and contributing to society. The study focused on the participants' motivations for volunteering and revealed that they gained skills, personal growth, and enjoyed the social aspect of volunteering. The research identified that the primary skills obtained through volunteering were communication and teamwork, leading to significant changes in the volunteers' lives, such as improved interpersonal relationships and a new worldview. The study's findings were examined using one-way ANOVA, which tested four hypotheses. The study confirmed the first hypothesis that volunteering can reduce loneliness and enhance self-appreciation among university students (F=9.682, Sig=.000). However, the second hypothesis that university students volunteer to promote societal development was not supported (F=3.341, Sig=.070). The third hypothesis that university students volunteer to acquire skills was supported (F=5.153, Sig=.001). Finally, the fourth hypothesis that volunteering offers a new perspective was supported (F=5.650, Sig=.000). In conclusion, this study provides concrete evidence that volunteering offers numerous benefits for university students, including personal growth, skill acquisition, and a fresh perspective on the world.