The Validity and Constructive Reliability of The Drug Addiction in The Malay and Chinese Communities


  • Abdullah Zawawi Mohd Noor
  • Mohd Ridhuan Tee Abdullah
  • Zamri Chik
  • Rahimah Embong


Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Validity, Reliability, Community Empowerment, Drug Addiction


The youths aged 19 to 39 years old recorded the highest percentage as drug and substance abusers and addicts, which is 68.1 percent of the total drug and substance addicts. Two age categories showed an increase from the previous year, namely the Youth and Adult age categories with an increase of 6.7 percent and 19.9 percent respectively. While for Children and Adolescents recorded a decrease of 50.0 percent and 33.1 percent compared to the previous year. The greatest number of drug addicts are among the Malays as the majority population in the country. Some argue, that is a reasonable thing to do. Compatriots like China, many Chinese are addicted. Of course, for a country with a Malay majority like Malaysia, then the Malays are the most numerous. The question that needs to be considered together is, should not the Malays be the champion of all social problems that occur in Malaysia even though the Malays are the majority of Malays who are Muslims. Islam should be a barrier to the Malays from getting caught up in this despicable scene. This study uses a quantitative study based on the Structural Equation Model (SEM) to analyze the various relationships between variables in the model. This study aims to develop and verify the validity and reliability of the instrument using the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) to measure the construction of religion based on practices, philosophies of life and community morals; socio-cultural factors of the community based on their lifestyle, cultural customs, family culture and education; community factors based on community environment, community information, community support, community challenges and community environment; and factors in addressing drug addiction among communities in the East Coast state of Malaysia. A total of 100 people was used as the study sample to test the validity and reliability of the instruments that have been developed. Overall, the findings of the study show that all items of the questionnaire used in this research instrument have met the conditions proposed by Awang (2015). KMO value (> 0.60), Significant Bartlet Test, Total Variance Explained (> 60%), all items have factor loading exceeds the minimum limit of 0.6 (> 0.60) and Alpha Cronbach value exceeding the value of 0.6 (> 0.60). The researchers need to recalculate the value of Internal Indicators of the current instrument for the new Alpha Cronbach value.