Extensive Reading to Promote ESL Learners’ Reading Motivation: A Literature Review


  • Siti Hanisah Abdul Rahman
  • Maslawati Mohamad


Extensive Reading, Reading Motivation, English As A Second Language, Language Proficiency, Reading Materials


The importance of fostering reading motivation among English as a Second Language (ESL) learners cannot be overstated, as it plays a pivotal role in language acquisition, vocabulary development, and overall language proficiency. This literature review aims to explore the effectiveness of extensive reading (ER) as a powerful tool to promote reading motivation among ESL learners. The research delves into various aspects related to the topic, such as the significance of the English language as an international lingua franca, the importance of reading skills, the concept of reading motivation, the implementation of extensive reading programs in Malaysia, related studies, challenges, and implications. This literature review draws on a comprehensive search of academic databases and relevant research articles published within the past decade. The selected studies shed light on the impact of ER on ESL learners' reading motivation and their overall language development. The autonomy granted to learners in selecting their reading materials fosters a sense of ownership and enjoyment, making the reading experience more fulfilling. The implementation of ER programs may encounter certain challenges, including the availability of suitable reading materials, time constraints, and lack of motivation among learners. To strengthen the effectiveness of extensive reading in promoting reading motivation among ESL learners, future research could focus on exploring strategies to overcome challenges related to access to suitable reading materials and time constraints. Investigating the role of teachers and parents in encouraging and sustaining learners' reading motivation is also essential. In conclusion, extensive reading is a promising approach to promoting reading motivation among ESL learners. This literature review provides valuable insights for teachers, researchers, and policymakers seeking to improve language learning outcomes and foster a positive reading culture among ESL learners.