Transitional Dropout of Indigenous Pupils: A Case Study in Sungai Siput, Perak


  • Nofazilah Mohd Sajat
  • Zainudin Hassan
  • Mohd Hizwan Mohd Hisham
  • Jamaluddin Harun
  • Bahiyah Abd Wahab


Transitional Dropout, Indigenous Pupils, Secondary School


"Transitional dropout" refers to when students complete their studies in primary school but do not continue on to secondary school. However, secondary school studies are necessary to access jobs and improve socioeconomic status. To improve the socioeconomic status of Indigenous communities, it is important to take secondary education seriously as transitional dropouts can cause communities to remain marginalized from current developments. Therefore, this qualitative study aims to explore the transitional dropout of Indigenous students in Sungai Siput, Perak. Using semi-structured interviews and purposive sampling, the researcher interviewed several Indigenous teachers and students who had dropped out in the Sungai Siput district, Perak. The study's results showed that the transitional dropout rate at SMK Bawong was high. This is due to several factors such as sociocultural influences, external influences, weak learning, and peer influence. Data analysis also showed that the lack of involvement from Indigenous parents in education, due to low levels of education, a lack of awareness about the importance of education, and a preference for family-inherited jobs, is an internal factor that further increases the rate of Indigenous student dropout. Therefore, this study highlights the importance of involving various parties, especially Indigenous parents, in tackling transitional dropouts and further improving the quality of education and life for Indigenous communities.